Juraj Halas
, born 1986, assistant professor at the Department of Logic and the Methodology of Science, Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava (Slovakia).


Juraj Halas
Department of Logic and the Methodology of Sciences
Faculty of Arts
Comenius University in Bratislava
Gondova 2
814 99 Bratislava
Slovak Republic

E-mail (personal): juraj at halas dot tk
E-mail (work): juraj dot halas at uniba dot sk

Research interests

General philosophy of science, philosophy of social science, philosophy of economics, Marx's critique of political economy, history of Marxism.

Publications in English

  • HALAS, J. Weber's Ideal Types and Idealization. Filozofia nauki (2016), no. 1, pp. 5–26 (Draft)
  • HALAS, J. Ryle and Marx on Absurdities. Organon F vol. 19 (2012), no. 3, pp. 338–360. (Published version)

Doctoral thesis (in Slovak) on the categorial structure of Marx's critique of political economy (submitted March 2013, defended August 26, 2013).

Thesis abstract

The thesis is a contribution to the philosophy of social science. On the example of Marx's theory of the capitalist mode of production, it analyzes the role of critique in social-scientific theories. The critical function of such theories is defined as based on three properties of explanations that such theories formulate. Social-scientific theories are viewed as having three key components: a conceptual system corresponding to the meanings of agents and of existing incorrect theories of the subject (agential, theoretical context); a system of meanings describing mostly aspects of practices which remain obscured from the view of agents and theorists (critical context); a system of conceptual relations between the former and the latter which enable one to formulate critical explanations. The 1st chapter analyzes Marx's concept of category which refers to the elements of the first two components. It is shown that the second component of Marx's theory has a specific structure that enables one to pinpoint irrational beliefs of agents. These beliefs are viewed as breaches of rules governing the correct use of categories, or category mistakes. They take the form of confusions of the thing-like and the social, of the transhistorical and the historically specific, and of the exoteric and the esoteric. The 2nd chapter deals with the method of construction of Marx's theory, i.e., the way in which conceptual relations between the first and the second components are established. Marx proceeds cyclically from the (usually irrational) forms of appearance to the hidden structure and to its forms of manifestation. Rational solutions to apparent antinomies and reductio ad absurdum argumentation play an important role here. They serve to make explicit the irrational beliefs of agents about practices, and pave the way to their replacement with a rational conception which includes the explanation of the origin of irrational beliefs. Based on this, Marx's notion of the dialectic, as well as the concept of immanent critique, are elucidated. The final chapter assesses the degree of specificity of the results to Marx's theory, and suggests a distinction between critical theories in the wider and the narrower sense or between potentially and explicitly critical theories.

HALAS, Juraj: The Methodology of Critical Social Science : Marx's Critique of Political Economy. [Doctoral thesis]. Comenius University in Bratislava. Faculty of Philosophy; Department of Logic and the Philosophy of Science. Supervisor: Doc. PhDr. Igor Hanzel, PhD. Defence committee: Philosophy. Chairman: Prof. PhDr. Emil Višňovský, PhD. Degree of qualification: philosophiae doctor. Bratislava : FiF UK, 2013, 136 p.